Category Archives: Earth

Student science experiment finds plants won’t grow near Wi-Fi router. Ninth-graders design science experiment to test the effect of cellphone radiation on plants. The results may surprise you!

via http://www.mnn.com/health/

Photo courtesy of Kim Horsevad, teacher at Hjallerup Skole in Denmark.

Five ninth-grade young women from Denmark recently created a science experiment that is causing a stir in the scientific community.
It started with an observation and a question. The girls noticed that if they slept with their mobile phones near their heads at night, they often had difficulty concentrating at school the next day. They wanted to test the effect of a cellphone’s radiation on humans, but their school, Hjallerup School in Denmark, did not have the equipment to handle such an experiment. So the girls designed an experiment that would test the effect of cellphone radiation on a plant instead.
The students placed six trays filled with Lepidium sativum, a type of garden cress, into a room without radiation, and six trays of the seeds into another room next to two routers that according to the girls’ calculations, emitted about the same type of radiation as an ordinary cellphone.
Over the next 12 days, the girls observed, measured, weighed and photographed their results. By the end of the experiment the results were blatantly obvious — the cress seeds placed near the router had not grown. Many of them were completely dead. Meanwhile, the cress seeds planted in the other room, away from the routers, thrived.
The experiment earned the girls (pictured below) top honors in a regional science competition and the interest of scientists around the world.
Teens involved in plants and cellphone experiment, Hjallerup Skole
According to Kim Horsevad, a teacher at Hjallerup Skole in Denmark where the cress experiment took place, a neuroscience professor at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, is interested in repeating the experiment in a controlled professional scientific environment.
also see

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Engineering the ‘Strategy of Tension’ in America

The strategy of tension (Italian: strategia della tensione) is a tactic that aims to divide, manipulate, and control public opinion using fear, propaganda, disinformation, psychological warfare, agents provocateurs, and false flag ‘terrorist’ actions.

I’m sure you will see the pattern

 

07/20/2012 Colorado, Arvada Aurora Shooting; official story, a mass shooting occurred inside of a Century movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises. A gunman, dressed in tactical clothing, set off tear gas grenades and shot into the audience with multiple firearms, killing 12 people and injuring 58 others. The sole suspect is James Eagan Holmes, who was arrested outside the cinema minutes later.

12/14/2012 Sandy Hook school Shooting; official story, Adam Lanza, 20, fatally shot twenty children and six adult staff members in a mass murder at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the village of Sandy Hook in Newtown, Connecticut. Before driving to the school, Lanza had shot and killed his mother Nancy at their Newtown home. As first responders arrived, he committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. via http://portland.indymedia.org reports of “coincidences of CT; Newton, CT school; & Aurora, CO shootings: LIBOR, more shooters, etc”

04/15/2013 Massachusetts, ‘Boston Marathon’ bombing; official story “Two bombs exploded, 13 seconds apart, at 2:49 p.m. EDT (18:49 UTC) on Boylston Street, near the finish line—killing three people and injuring 183 others.”… via http://www.naturalnews.com “Boston marathon bombing happened on same day as ‘controlled explosion’ drill by Boston bomb squad” and via http://rt.com “law enforcement officials from Israel have been sent to the United States to assist in the probe”.

04/17/2013 Texas, fertilizer plant explosion; via http://12160.info  “A massive explosion rocked a fertilizer plant near Waco, Texas. Rescue crews are on the scene as a number of injuries have been reported, according to local affiliate KWTX. Several buildings are thought to have been destroyed.”

04/17/2013 California, internet and power sabotage; via http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com “In apparent acts of “sabotage” in the South Bay early Tuesday, someone cut fiber optic cables, knocking out some 911 service, and then fired a rifle at a PG&E substation (attempting to cut off Bay area Power), Santa Clara County’s sheriff said.”…”The vandal’s objective appears to have been “shutting down the system,” Sheriff Laurie Smith said at a news conference at the substation Tuesday afternoon.”

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A solar ‘superstorm’ is coming and we’ll only get 30-minute warning

via http://www.independent.co.uk/

A solar “superstorm” could knock out Earth’s communications satellites, cause dangerous power surges in the national grid and disrupt crucial navigation aids and aircraft avionics, a major report has found.

It is inevitable that an extreme solar storm – caused by the Sun ejecting billions of tonnes of highly-energetic matter travelling at a million miles an hour – will hit the Earth at some time in the near future, but it is impossible to predict more than about 30 minutes before it actually happens, a team of engineers has warned.

Solar superstorms are estimated to occur once every 100 or 200 years, with the last one hitting the Earth in 1859.

Although none has occurred in the space age, we are far more vulnerable now than a century ago because of the ubiquity of modern electronics, they said.

“The general consensus is that a solar superstorm is inevitable, a matter not of ‘if’ but ‘when?’,” says a report into extreme space weather by a group of experts at the Royal Academy of Engineering in London.

In the past half century, there have been a number of “near misses” when an explosive “coronal mass ejection” of energetic matter from the Sun has been flung into space, narrowly bypassing the Earth.

In 1989 a relatively minor solar storm knocked out several key electrical transformers in the Canadian national grid, causing major power blackouts.

Similar solar storms significantly increased atmospheric radiation levels in 1956, 1972, 1989 and 2003, the experts found.

Professor Paul Cannon, who chaired the academy’s working group on solar storms, said that the Government should set up a space weather board to oversee measures aimed at minimising the impact of solar storms.

“A solar superstorm will be a challenge but not cataclysmic. The two challenges for government are the wide spectrum of technologies affected today and the emergence of unexpected vulnerabilities as technology evolves,” he said.

“Our message is, ‘Don’t panic, but do prepare’. A solar superstorm will happen one day and we need to be ready for it.

“Many steps have already been taken to minimise the impact of solar storms on current technology… We anticipate that the UK can further minimise the impact,” he added.

Minor solar storms hit the Earth on a regular basis, but these are far less powerful than the 1859 event named after the British astronomer Richard Carrington, which was the last true solar superstorm.

A similar event today would put severe strain the electricity grid, where transformers are particular vulnerable to power surges, as well as degrading the performance of satellites, GPS navigation, aviation and possibly the mobile phone network, particularly the new 4G network, which relies on GPS satellites for timing information.

“Satellites are certainly in the front line of a superstorm. They are part of our infrastructure and we have concerns about their survival in a solar superstorm,” said Keith Ryden, a space engineer at Surrey University.

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Compare the weapons of Israel and Palestine

click for larger image

Please stop killing each other!

 

via http://www.economist.com/blogs/pomegranate/2012/11/israel-and-palestinians

Number of Israelis killed by fire from Gaza between January 1st 2012 and November 11th 2012: 1
(Source: Wikipedia)

Number of Palestinians in Gaza killed by Israeli fire during the same period: 78
(Source: United Nations)

Number of Israelis killed by fire from Gaza, November 13th-19th 2012: 3
(Source: press reports)

Number of Palestinians in Gaza killed by Israeli fire, November 13th-19th: 95
(Source: IDF)

Number of those killed in Gaza under 15 years of age: 19
(Source)

Total number of Israelis killed by rocket, mortar or anti-tank fire from Gaza since 2006:47
(Source: Wikipedia. This is disputed; another source says 26)

Number of Palestinians in Gaza killed by Israeli fire from April 1st 2006 to July 21st 2012: 2,879
(Source: United Nations)

Number of Egyptian schoolchildren killed when a train hit their bus on November 17th 2012: 53
(Source: press reports)

Number of people killed in traffic accidents in Israel in 2011: 384
(Source: Wikipedia)

Number of Syrians killed in fighting between November 13th-19th 2012: 646
(Source: Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR)

Estimated deaths in Syria since beginning of unrest in March 2011: 40,000
(Source: SOHR)

Estimated deaths from all Israeli-Arab wars between 1945 and 1995: 92,000
(Source: Wikipedia)

Number of targets in Gaza struck by Israel, November 13th-19th: 1,350
(Source: IDF)

Number of projectiles fired at Israel from Gaza from November 13th-19th, 2012: 848 
(Source: IDF)

Number that did not fall in “open areas”: 35
(Source: IDF)

Number intercepted by Israel’s Iron Dome defence system: 302
(Source: IDF)

Percentage of projectiles targeted by Iron Dome shot down, as claimed by Israeli military: 80-85%
(Source: IDF)

Reported cost in dollars of one interceptor missile fired by Iron Dome: 62,000
(Source: Ha’aretz)

Estimated cost in dollars of one short-range Qassam missile built in Gaza workshop:800
(Source: News reports)

Cost in dollars of one Iron Dome battery; Israel has deployed five and plans 13 in total: 50m
(Source: AFP)

Number of kilos explosive equivalent in payload of Iranian-supplied Fajr-5 longer-range rocket deployed by Hamas: 90 (200lb)
(Source: Wikipedia)

Number of kilos explosive equivalent of Israel Military Industry’s MPR-500 advanced-penetration precision-guided bomb: 900 (2,000lb)
(Source)

Area in square kilometres of Gaza: 365 (141 square miles)

Area in square kilometres of Israel: 20,700 (7,992 square miles)

Population of Gaza: 1.7m

Number of Israelis within range of Fajr-5 missiles: 3.5m
(Source: IDF)

Jewish population of Israel/ under Israeli jurisdiction (ie including West Bank settlements): 5.9m
(Source)

Non-Jewish population under Israeli jurisdiction (ie including Gaza and West Bank):6.1m
(Source)

Per capita GDP of Israel in 2011, in dollars: 31,000
(Source: Wikipedia)

Per Capita GDP of Gaza in 2011, in dollars: 1,483
(Source)

Verse of Exodus containing the phrase “Pillar of Cloud”, the official codename for Israel’s current Gaza operation: 13:21

Verse of the Koran containing the phrase “Stones of Clay”, Hamas’s codename for its current operations: 105:4

Number of days before Israeli general election: 64

 

 

via http://blog.thejerusalemfund.org/2012/11/inbalance-of-power-understanding.html

 

Imbalance of Power: Understanding Weapons and Casualties in Gaza and Israel

Putting things into perspective, view this new infographic detailing the disparities in weapons arsenals of Palestinian groups in Gaza and Israel. Besides the massive killing powers of the Israeli weapons shown here, what are not displayed are the numerous naval battleships and Merkava tanks owned and operated by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Israel has submarines, missile boats, corvettes (the largest warships in Israel’s naval fleet), patrol boats, and numerous chasers and landing ships. Each Merkava tank is armed with two 7.62 machine guns and a 60 mm mortar that can be loaded and fired internally, in addition to the main gun, and has gone through developments to ensure accuracy and lethality.

From January through September 2012, Israeli weaponry caused 55 Palestinian deaths and 257 injuries. Among these 312 casualties, 61, or roughly 20 percent, were children and 28 were female. 209 of these casualties came as a result of Israeli Air Force missiles, 69 from live ammunition fire, and 18 from tank shells.

In 2011, the projectiles fired by the Israeli military into Gaza were responsible for the death of 108 Palestinians, of which 15 where women or children, and the injury of 468 Palestinians, of which 143 where women or children. The methods by which these causalities were inflicted by Israeli projectiles breaks down as follows: 57 percent, or 310, were caused by Israeli aircraft missile fire; 28 percent, or 150, where from Israeli live ammunition; 11 percent, or 59, were from Israeli tank shells; while another 3 percent, or 18, were from Israeli mortar fire.

As this infographic shows, there is no room for a discussion on the “equal sides of the conflict,” when the reality is a first-world country, with all the trappings of a modern highly sophisticated weapons arsenal, launching devastating and brutal attacks against the most densely populated area in the world, where half its population is youth and 40 percent of its population lives below the poverty line.

And where does this military might come from? Israel’s military arsenal is not due to the tax pressure on its citizens, but is largely funded by the United States. American citizens actually pay more money individually and overall to the Israeli military structure than Israeli citizens do.

The Jerusalem Fund

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Giant Coronal Mass Ejection unleashed onto Earth September 3rd, 2012

Two days after the CME impact of Sept. 3rd 2012, Earth’s polar magnetic field is still stormy and unsettled. Look out!!!

According to Tami Urbanek via NaturalNews.com  According to some researchers, strong solar activity can also disrupt the Earth’s tectonic plates and trigger earthquakes. Incidentally, there was a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) released on February 15th, and it hit the Earth on February 17th. Another CME was released on March 7th, 2011. Both of these CMEs were released just prior to the New Zealand and Japan earthquakes. Some CMEs released may not produce an effect as significant as an earthquake; however, they can still affect each person’s EEF. All people carry their individual EEF. The strength can vary among different people, so as a result, each person will be affected a little differently.
Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/032045_solar_flares_Earth.html

 

via http://www.space.com ‘Northern Lights Blaze Up After Big Sun Storm’ Mike Wall, SPACE.com Senior Writer

Date: 04 September 2012 Time: 06:10 PM ET
Supercharged Northern Lights Dance Over Finland

 
The northern lights, supercharged by a recent solar storm, dance above Naimakka, Finland, in this shot snapped on Sept. 4, 2012, by Ole Salomonsen.
CREDIT: Ole Salomonsen (http://www.facebook.com/arcticlightphoto

The northern lights erupted in a stunning display Monday night (Sept. 3) after a recent solar storm, amazing skywatchers around the world.

On Friday (Aug. 31), the sun unleashed a coronal mass ejection(CME), sending a huge cloud of charged particles streaking into space at more than 3.2 million mph (5.1 million kph), NASA researchers said. The CME delivered a glancing blow to Earth’s magnetosphere, putting on quite a show for stargazers at high latitudes.

Photographer Ole Salomonsen captured the supercharged northern lights — also known as the aurora borealis — from a forest near Naimakka, Finland. He drove about 120 miles (200 kilometers) to get there, as the weather wasn’t cooperating in Tromso, Norway, where he lives and works.

 

Northern lights above Finland, super-charged by a solar storm.

Photographer Ole Salomonsen captured this stunning shot of the northern lights above Namaikka, Finland, on Sept. 4, 2012.

But the view was worth the international trip, Salomonsen said.

“There I was standing all alone deep into the Finnish forest, just in awe of this display of light that happened above my head,” he wrote in a Facebook post.

Even a bright moon couldn’t spoil the show, Salomonsen added.

“A large moon is not normally optimal for watching auroras, especially not when it’s not completely dark yet up here,” he told SPACE.com via email. “But the moon actually contributed to absolutely magic photographic conditions, with the mist/fog over the lakes.”

Sun unleashes massive coronal mass ejection on Aug. 31, 2012.

 
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft captured this massive coronal mass ejection (CME) erupting from the sun on Aug. 31, 2012.
CREDIT: NASA/SDO/AIA/GSFC

Big CMEs that hit Earth squarely can wreak havoc, spawning powerful geomagnetic storms with the potential to disrupt GPS signals, radio communications and power grids. But the storms resulting from Friday’s CME — which occurred after an enormous filament erupted from the sun’s surface — were minor and apparently had little impact aside from the ramped-up auroras.

The northern and southern lights result when charged particles from the sun collide with molecules high in Earth’s atmosphere, generating a glow.

The auroras are usually restricted to high latitutes because Earth’s magnetic field lines tend to funnel these particles over the planet’s poles. Solar storms can increase both the intensity and reach of auroral displays, bringing them into view for more skywatchers around the world.

After remaining relatively quiet from 2005 through 2010, the sun began waking up last year. It has fired off numerous strong flares and CMEs over the last two years, and researchers predict more such activity in the near future.

Solar activity waxes and wanes on an 11-year cycle. Scientists think the current one, known as Solar Cycle 24, will peak sometime in 2013.

 

 

 

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Emerging Sunspot Releases Mid-level Solar Flare

via NASA.gov http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/News081812-M5.6flare.html
08.18.12

SDO recorded this view of an M5.6 class solar flare at 9:01pm EDT on August 17, 2012.

› View larger,   › View fulldisk image
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured this image of an M-class flare on August 17, 2012, at 9:01 PM EDT. The flare, seen on the left (or east) side of the sun from an active region that has not yet been named, and is just rotating into view. The image is colorized in teal, which is typical for showing light in the 131 Angstrom wavelength — a wavelength particularly good for viewing solar flares. Credit: NASA/SDO 

On August 17, the sun emitted a mid-level flare, peaking at 9:02 PM EDT. Solar flares are gigantic bursts of radiation that cannot pass through Earth’s atmosphere to harm humans on the ground, however when strong enough they can disrupt GPS and communications signals.

The flare is classified as an M5.6 class flare. M-class flares can cause brief radio blackouts at the poles and minor radiation storms that might endanger astronauts.

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Magnetic Portals Found in Earth’s Atmosphere

more sun storms: higher earth temps

sunportalWORLD NEWS TOMORROW – Science-fiction writers have toyed with the concept of a portal for many years, and scientists have been trying to discover such a structure in real life. A new study backed by NASA has revealed the existence of a so-called magnetic portal, connecting the atmospheres of the Earth and the Sun.

Usually, a portal is defined as an opening through spacetime that enables a traveler to move over great distances, or over time, instantly. In other words, it represents a shortcut, or maybe a guiding pathway to a particular destination.

Using funds provided by the American space agency, experts at the University of Iowa have recently been able to discover electron diffusion regions (X-points), where the magnetic field of Earth connects directly to the magnetic field of the Sun.

This link creates an uninterrupted path leading from our own planet to the Sun’s atmosphere,” more than 93 million miles (157 million kilometers) away,” says UI plasma physicist Jack Scudder.

The observations that led to this conclusion were carried out using the Cluster constellation – which is operated by the European Space Agency (ESA) – and the NASA Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) mission.

The satellites indicate that the magnetic portals open and close several times per day, and that they are located around only a few tens of thousands of kilometers away from Earth. They prefer to appear at locations where the geomagnetic field meets incoming solar winds.

These portals can be either short-lived, or can last for a longer time, allowing highly energetic particles to flow right through. These particles can heat the planet’s upper atmosphere, create geomagnetic storms, and spawn very bright auroras.

NASA plans to study these magnetic portals in more detail, once it launches the Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS), in 2014. The constellation will feature four identical satellites.

All the vehicles will study magnetic reconnection, a process that occurs high above the planet, and which can provide telltale signs regarding the formation of magnetic portals. Each of the MMS spacecraft will have the ability to detect these clues, and then alert the others of the impending event.

MORE HERE…  World News

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